During Charles the first reign, Parliament was described as short, long, and rump parliament. Each of these different Parliaments was a beneficial factor and contributed to the English Civil War. Short, long, and rump Parliament had their contrasts and differences but only one was the dominant figure.
How Short Parliament comes about, is Charles the first, tells the people of Scotland they must convert to the Church of England. Charles takes his army into Scotland and as a result many people are killed. Losing money and soldiers in the process, Charles asks Parliament for money but they say no. Charles decides to close down Parliament for a month from April 16, 1840 through May 16 1840. Charles reopens it but closes it down once again when he is refused money.
Charles eventually reopens Parliament, which is long parliament, but Parliament seizes control of Charles’ Archbishop and Chief Minister as an example. Parliament charges them with treason and beheads them. By doing this Parliament takes control of Charles. Parliament breaks up into 4 factions: Puritans, Presbyterians, Independence, and Conservatives. Each faction has their own beliefs abouthow the church should go about. During this time of long Parliament Charles marches into Parliament, an automatic declaration of war. This starts the English Civil War which lasts for 4 years. Parliament passes militia ordinancethat allows them to build an army. General Oliver Cromwell becomes in charge of the Parliament’s Army. As a result Parliament wins, and Charles is captured and taken to the Tower of London.
Rump Parliament comes to be when the Independence faction kicks out all other factions in Parliament. John Pym, an independent, sees an opportunity and takes it. Now that John Pym is in control he puts the king on trial for treason and beheads Charles. Because of this, the family goes into exile in France. One thing they forgot was that they left Cromwell in charge of army. Cromwell goes into Ireland...