Hard determinism says that all actions have prior cause we are free one very famous example of hard determinism was the case of Loeb and Leopold. Some people say that they were not responsible for what they did but it was actually the factors around them and their upbringing.
Libertarianism says that we are completely free and can be held responsible for all our actions. We can only mean a power of acting or not acting according to determination of free will.
Soft determinism basically argues that our actions are determined but we are still morally responsible for our actions. Doesn’t rule out free will. It also says that some of our actions are conditional whilst others are caused by external influences.
A very famous philosopher David Hume describes liberty as only mean a power of acting or not acting according to the determination of will that is we chose to remain at rest, we may; but if we chose to move we also may. This is basically saying that we are free to do what we want for example we can chose to either rest or move which is same as like saying that we can either chose to study or not to study or we can also chose to do good things but we can also chose to do the bad things. So whatever we do in life is completely our choice. However some people would argue this and say that we are predestined which is basically that it has already been decided whether we will go to heaven or hell so no matter what we do in life we will end up where we have chosen to be.
There was also another very famous philosopher called C.A.Campbell said that “... in the act of deciding whether to put forth or withhold the moral effort required to resist temptation and rise to duty is to be found an act which is free in the sense required for moral responsibility; an act of which the self is the sole author...” he is supporting the idea that everyone is free to do what they want (everyone can chose what they want to do) and it is up to us to control our desires temptations and...