Introduction to Ethics
Running Head: Epicurus Theory
Epicurus ( 341BCE – Athens,270 BCE) was a Greek philosopher whose school of thoughts is called Epicureanism. Epicurus founded his school at the age of 32 and gathered many disciples. In the archonship of Anaxicrates , he returned to Athens where he formed his school known as the Garden, named for the garden he owned about halfway between the Stoa and the Academy that served as the school’s meeting place. The school popularity grew and it became, along with Stoicism and Skepticism, one of the there dominant schools of Hellenistic philosophy, lasting strongly through the later Roman Empire.
Epicurus was known as the “Greek miracle”, when men first tried to explain the nature of the world, not with the aid of myths or religion, but with material principles. Epicurus is a key figure in the development of science and the scientific method, which is that nothing should be believed except that which can be tested through direct observation and of logical deduction. Epicurus’s teachings represented differently from other Greek thinkers of his period. He had some of the same principles as Democritus, they was atomist, believing that the fundamental constituents of the world were indivisible little bits of matter flying through empty space. Everything that occurs is the result of the atoms colliding, rebounding, and becoming entangled with one another, with no purpose or plan behind their motions. Epicurus theory differs from the earlier atomism of Democritus because he admits that atoms do not always follow straight lines but their direction of motion may occasionally exhibit a swerve. This did determine and to affirm free will.
Epicurus ethical theory stems from his belief that “nothing is created out of nothing”. Epicurus believes that fear of death deprives one happiness. Epicurus believes that death is merely a...