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For other uses, see Plato (disambiguation) and Platon (disambiguation).
Plato Silanion Musei Capitolini MC1377.jpg
Roman copy of a portrait bust by Silanion for the Academia in Athens (c. 370 BC)
Born 428/427 or 424/423 BC
Died 348/347 BC (age c. 80)
Era Ancient philosophy
Region Western philosophy
Rhetoric, art, literature, epistemology, justice, virtue, politics, education, family, militarism, friendship, love
Theory of Forms, Platonic idealism, Platonic realism, Plato's tripartite theory of soul, hyperuranion, metaxy, khôra, methexis, theia mania
Socrates, Homer, Hesiod, Aristophanes, Aesop, Protagoras, Parmenides, Pythagoras, Heraclitus, Orphism
Most of Western philosophy that came after his works
Plato (/ˈpleɪtoʊ/;[a] Greek: Πλάτων[a] Plátōn pronounced [plá.tɔːn] in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423[b] – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learnin
the wealthiest and most politically active families in Athens. Ancient sources describe him as a bright though modest boy who excelled in his studies. His father contributed all which was necessary to give to his son a good education, and, therefore, Plato must have been instructed in grammar, music, gymnastics and philosophy by some of the most distinguished teachers of his era.
Birth and family
The exact time and place of Plato's birth are unknown, but it is certain that he belonged to an aristocratic and influential family. Based on ancient sources, most modern scholars believe that he was born in Athens or Aegina[c] between 429 and 423 BCE. His father was Ariston. According to a disputed tradition, reported by Diogenes Laertius, Ariston traced his descent from the king of...