Indian national movement finally reached destiny in the midnight of 15th August, 1947.It leads in a new era wherein the belief that everyone is born free and has a right to fulfill one-self in human dignity was no longer a myth.
The framers of the Indian Constitution in their collective wisdom drafted Article 3 enshrined in which is the recognition of the fact that every community with different cultural and linguistic background has the inherent right to self determination, and to develop itself according to its own ethos thereby enriching the cultural heritage of the community and enhancing its integration in the national mainstream. But little did they realize that for the Gorkhas living in the Darjeeling, Dooars and the Terai region of North Bengal, the dawn of freedom was just a dream too far. It was only a change in the Colonial masters – from the British to the Bengal Raj – where exploitation and subjugation was many-fold worse than before. Which result the series of demand varies from time to time. Protest of different forms and dimension has been witnessed throughout the 20th century to separate from West Bengal as to form new State called Gorkhaland.
The demand for Gorkhaland as a constituent state within the Union of India has been the oldest demands in the history of modern India , till now its gain nothing rather remains as history creator of Indian Gorkha even after more than hundred years.
Over the year this demand took various political turns and twist, it particularly and actually acquired the shape of mass movement only towards the beginning of 1980s when Subash Ghising call to Gorkhas in India to come under one banner and demanded a separate state for Gorkhas in India as “Gorkhaland”. This was for the first in the history of Darjeeling to success to mobilize the mass as congress did after the Gandhi’s arrival in INC. Soon after, the Gorkha National Liberation Front (GNLF) was formed as a political party under the leadership...