MANUEL L. QUEZON (NOV. 15, 1935-AUG. 1, 1944)
• He initiated the inauguration of the Commonwealth of the Philippines on November 15, 1935
• He approved the recommendation for government reorganization by the Government Survey Board of 1936, the creation of government corporations in order to break foreign strangle-hold on Philippine Trade and Commerce and the proposal for a land reform
• He appointed first all-Filipino Supreme Court of the Philippines
• He ordered the creation of a Surian ng Wikang Pambansa (National Language Institute), this institute proposed the use of tagalog (due to its extensive literary tradition) as the basis for the "national language" to be called "Pilipino".
• He also Initiated Agrarian Reform
JOSE P. LAUREL (August 14,1943 – August 17,1945 )
• Laurel offered his services to the Japanese Imperial Army when they invaded and occupied the country. It was because of his staunch criticism of U.S. rule in the Philippines
SERGIO OSMEÑA ( August 1,1944 – May 28,1946 )
• President Osmeña issued Executive Order 15-W reorganizing and consolidating the Executive Departments of the Commonwealth government. The reorganization of the government after it was reestablished on Philippine soil was undertaken with Executive Order No. 27, February 27, 1945.
• Executive Order No. 27, February 27, 1945 was issued upon the restoration of civilian authority to the government of the Commonwealth, and member
MANUEL ROXAS (May 28, 1946 – April 15, 1948 )
• During his term the Third Republic of the Philippines was inaugurated and Philippine Independence from the United States proclaimed.
• He declared amnesty for those arrested for collaborating with the Japanese during World War II, except for those who had committed violent crimes.
ELPIDIO QUIRINO (April 17, 1948 – December 30, 1953 )
• He created the President's Action Committee on Social Amelioration or PACSA to mitigate the...