OCR AS Psychology Unit G542
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Topic 1 Social psychology
Milgram: Behavioural study of obedience
1 The social approach assumes that other people influence our behaviour.
2 Milgram looked at whether American men would follow an order that caused harm to others.
3 The study was a laboratory experiment. It is unusual because no independent variable is manipulated.
4 The participants were a volunteer (self-selecting) sample.
5 In all the trials the ‘learner’ was played by Mr Wallace.
6 The participant believed he was giving electric shocks to the ‘learner’.
7 The highest level of electric shock was a voltage of 450 volts.
8 The experimenter gave the same prods and prompts to encourage all the participants to continue.
1a The participants sweated, shook and trembled, indicating extreme tension.
b Milgram suggested that the tension was caused by the conflict between wanting to obey the external pressure caused by the prods and prompts to continue and wanting to stop because the participants’ internal conscience told them they were doing something immoral.
2a The participants were...