Gibbs (1988) model of reflection
Gibbs is a common model of reflection that is used within the health professions. Gibbs is clear and precise allowing for description, analysis and evaluation of the experience helping the reflective practitioner to make sense of experiences and examine their practice. To reflect is not enough, you then have to put into practice the learning and new understanding you have gained therefore allowing the reflective process to inform your practice. Taking action is the key; Gibbs prompts the practitioner to formulate an action plan. This enables the reflective practitioner to look at their practice and see what they would change in the future, how they would develop/improve their practice.

Gibbs (1988)

What is the stimulant for reflection? ( incident, event, theoretical idea ) What are you going to reflect on?
What were your reactions and feelings?
What was good and bad about the experience? Make value judgements.
What sense can you make of the situation? Bring in ideas from outside the experience to help you. What was really going on?
Conclusions (general):
What can be concluded, in a general sense, from these experiences and the analyses you have undertaken?
Conclusions (specific):
What can be concluded about your own specific, unique, personal situation or ways of working?
Personal Action plans:
What are you going to do differently in this type of situation next time? What steps are you going to take on the basis of what you have learnt?
Gibbs, G., 1988. Learning by Doing: a guide to teaching and learning methods. London: Further Education Unit.
Johns’ Structured Reflection Template
John, C., 1994. Nuances of reflection. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 3 (2), p. 71-75.
Core Question
What information do you need access to in order to learn through this experience

Cue Questions
Description of experience

Phenomenon Describe the “here and...

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