Breastfeeding Qualitative Descriptive Study: Research Critique Part 1
Grand Canyon University: NRS- 433V
October 22, 2015
Nursing practice is based upon evidence and therefore research is essential to the profession, and the ability to read and understand research articles is something that is beneficial to all nurses. Nurses should be able to make appraisals and critiques of study articles with the goal of assessing if its contents are useful for practice. This is a critical appraisal of the qualitative study article published in the spring 2015 issue Journal of Perinatal Education tilted “Health Professionals’ Attitudes and Beliefs about Breastfeeding” that was conducted by Sharon Radzyminski, PhD, JD, RN and Lynn Clark Callister, PhD, RN, FAAN. This paper will identify the clinical problem and its significance to nursing. It will review the purpose of the study, questions asked, and methods used to conduct the study. It will also review the literature presented in the study and its relevance. Lastly it will discuss the conceptual framework chosen for the study. First, a discussion of the clinical issue is important.
Statement of the Problem
Persisting breastfeeding rates that are remaining below the standards that are recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics is the clinical problem that led to the study. Statistical information states the United States (US) has failed to reach Healthy People 2020’s objective of 61% of infants exclusively breastfed at 6 months of age and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that by 6 months of age, infants who were exclusively breastfed dropped to 13% in 2010 (Callister & Radzyminski, 2015). The authors sought to examine perceived attitudes, beliefs, and support of healthcare providers to breastfeeding women and breastfeeding duration. The research problem the authors identified is, that limited research could be found, and...