1) Where is Scotland located?
Is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. Occupying the northern third of the island of Great Britain, it shares a border with England to the south and is bounded by the North Sea to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the southwest
2) What is the capital of Scotland? And the main cities?
Edinburgh, the capital of the country.
The most important cities are: Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Inverness and Dundee,
3) Which are the most important islands of Scotland?
The main groups are the Inner and Outer Hebrides, to the west of the mainland, and the Orkney and Shetland Islands to the north. Other groups of islands are located in the Firths of Clyde and Forth as well as the many sea lochs found along the west coast of Scotland.
4) What is the land like?
Scotland's terrain is divided into three regions: the Highlands, the Central Lowlands, and the Southern Uplands.
5) Who had a wall built between Scotland and the rest of Great Britain and whit what purpose?
Begun in AD 122, during the rule of Emperor Hadrian, Hadrian´s wall was built with the purpose to keep "intact the empire," which had been imposed upon him via "divine instruction."
6) When did Scotland become part of the UK and under what king?
The Acts of Union were a pair of Parliamentary Acts passed in 1706 and 1707 by, respectively, the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland. The Acts joined the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland into a single Kingdom of Great Britain.
7) What is the meaning of “Devolution”? And when was the first Scottish Parliament elected? What is the name of the building where parliament functions?
In the context of the UK, it means passing parliamentary powers in many respects to the individual nations, i.e. Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. So the regional parliaments will deal with local matters, but defence etc will still be dealt with by the UK...