Name: Nurul Nadia Mohd Ghazali
Topic: Performance enhancing drugs should be allowed in sport
During the 1998 Tour de France, Will Voet, a soigneur of the French Festina team was arrested and found with more than 400 doping substances in his car. The team director, Bruno Roussel admitted of supplying illegal drugs to the team as performance enhancer. The Festina team was expelled from the cycling tournament (CNN 1998). The Tour de France drug scandal highlighted the need for an independent international agency to fight against doping in sport. World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) was established in 1999 to coordinate and monitor the fight against doping in sport through the development and implementation of the World Anti-Doping Code (Code) (WADA n.d.). This essay will discuss whether performance enhancing drugs should be allowed in sport.
Doping refers to the use of prohibited drugs or methods by athlete to improve training and sporting results (UNESCO 2008, p. 3). Concise Medical Dictionary (1998) defines drug as any substances that affects the structure or functioning of a living organism. Performance enhancing drugs are drugs used to improve athlete’s performance in sport. WADA has set the World Anti-Doping Code Prohibited List which outlines the substances and methods that are prohibited in sport. Table 1 shows the list of prohibited substances:
|Classes of Prohibited Substances |Examples |
|Anabolic agents |Anabolic androgenic steroid |
|Hormones and related substances |Erythropoietin (EPO), Growth Hormone (hGH) |
|Beta-2 Agonists |- |
|Hormone antagonists and modulators...