In most developing countries, diversifying the economy away from traditional commodity sectors remains a very difficult task. In this context, they will have to rely on two aspects : environmental beauty and cultural wealth, which offer great potential for development gains, if harnessed for tourism in a sustainable and wise manner.
To begin with, tourism is an important source of income, which is convenient especially for the poor countries, but also for others that do not have other industries to develop. Effectively harnessing tourism for development, and making it a tool for poverty reduction, requires the creation of linkages with the local economy.Creating linkages is crucial ,also representing a chance to improve international relations.
Furthermore, attracting tourists requires an improvement in the local facilities, in order to cater for all tastes and offer a greater choice of holiday options . The greater the local input to the tourism industry, the greater the proportion of tourist expenditure that filters through to the local economy. Local employment in the tourism industry is another important avenue to poverty reduction. Finally, tourism allows the locals to experience other cultures: people who may never travel out of their town or country, have the possibility to get in contact with other cultures.
On the other hand, there are a few disadvantages in developing tourism. A negative effect is that people can be influenced by tourists in many aspects, such as giving up some traditions, not using the local goods anymore. What is more,countries must prevent their environmental beauty and cultural wealth from being damaged by tourism. This is necessary not only to make tourism a lasting source of income, but also to prevent the loss of unique and irreplaceable parts of world heritage.
Taking everything into consideration, i therefore conclude that international efforts to encourage and develop tourism industries should be supported, since...