Activity 1
Construct a computer processed 1 page summary of key points from the weekly reading set for week 11:

Tollefson, J., Piggot, K., & Fitzgerald, M. (2008). Management of chronic pain. In E. Chang & A. Johnson (Eds.), Chronic illness and disability. Principles for nursing practice (pp110-125). Chatswood: Elsevier

Chronic Pain Defined
- a independent entity, rather than a symptom, for a relatively short period of time
- unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage that is continuous for more than 6 months
- chronic pain is persistent
- chronic malignant pain is chronic pain that is progressive

Incidence and impact of chronic pain
- incidence of chronic pain is of course underestimated because a number of people manage or endure the pain in their own way rather than seeking assistance and therefore avoid being registered
- Chronic pain was estimated to cost ten billion annually

Behaviours and experiences associated with chronic pain
- learn healthy habits in particular, healthy eating, regular exercises, good posture and avoidance of obesity, smoking and substance abuse
- trauma is another factor to chronic pain, wise to follow health warnings and laws about wearing protective clothing and limiting alcohol consuming
- understanding the importance of psychological factors in the development of chronic pain assists the person, their associates and health professionals to improve the care given to people who suffer chronic pain
- each person is different, how pain is perceived and react individually to the insult of pain
- vulnerability to and the ability to regulate emotional experiences partially determine the reactivity of pain

Cultural determinants of the experience of chronic pain
- shaping beliefs about pain and its meaning, in dictating the acceptable pain behaviours and giving meaning to the...