1. Why is there such a wide range of ‘normal’ development among children in terms of motoric, language, and cognitive skills. Because all children develop at different rates, the "normal range" has to accommodate this. Some children will focus on physical skills before turning their focus to their language skills. Their environment will play a part on the development of language. Some children are exposed to more language then others and will potentially learn language faster because of this. Each child needs to be gauged as an individual and opportunities for learning need to be provided at the child's pace to engage the development of language.
2. What are some things a caregiver can do to facilitate language growth in young children? Caretakers can facilitate language by showing a child a numerous objects and saying the word to them repetitively. They can also explain the use of the item or characteristics about the item to help build the child's understanding of the object and its' purpose. Caregivers can demonstrate how an object is used and then give the child an opportunity to use the item as well. A caretaker should talk to the child while performing daily tasks, such as "Let's put on your shirt! Now put one your socks!" Singing songs or saying nursery rhymes to children help the caretaker teach the rhythm of language. It also helps the child categorize information (words that sound alike). A caregiver can also pause while speaking to the child to encourage turn-taking.