Spinal Cord Injury
SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS OF MEDICAL ISSUES
Dr. Stephen Ulrich
August 24, 2009
I. What is Spinal Cord Injury
a. Medical definition of Spinal Cord Injury
b. Spinal Cord Injury Statistics
II. Psycho social implications of Spinal Cord Injury
III. Research and Spinal Cord Injury
c. Project A
d. Project B
IV. Community based groups
e. Project 1
i. How many constituents are served by the programs?
iii. How long in operation?
iv. Funding source (s)?
f. Project 2
v. How many constituents are served by the programs?
vii. How long in operation?
viii. Funding source (s)?
V. P.E.A.C.E. project (Prevention, Early Intervention, Assistance, Counseling, Education and Employment)
According to the Spinal Cord Injury Resource Center SCI the definition of “Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) is damage to the spinal cord that results in a loss of function such as mobility or feeling. Frequent causes of damage are trauma (car accident, gunshot, falls, etc.) or disease (polio, spina bifida, Friedreich's Ataxia, etc.). The spinal cord does not have to be severed in order for a loss of functioning to occur. In fact, in most people with SCI, the spinal cord is intact, but the damage to it results in loss of functioning. SCI is very different from back injuries such as ruptured disks, spinal stenosis or pinched nerves” (Spinal Cord Injury Resource Center, n.d.).
The number of people in the United States who were alive in 2007 and had a spinal cord injury (SCI) has been estimated to be approximately 255,702 persons. Since 2005, the average age at injury is approximately 39.5 years. Prior to 1980, 81.8% of new SCI occurred among males, and since 2000, this number has decreased to 77.8% males reported to the national database. Among those injured since 2000, 63.0% are Caucasian,...