Poverty refers to the condition of being unable to provide for one's basic needs such as food, clothing, housing, education, and health facilities etc. in sufficient quantities.
If poverty is defined on the basis of calorie intake or income, a quarter to one-third of the population falls below the poverty line. But if we use the broader definition of poverty of opportunity, based on lack of education, health and income, about half of Pakistan’s population is below the poverty line.
For poor people, poverty means poverty of opportunity, not just poverty of income Poverty of opportunity is the cause; poverty of income is the result.
Inequalities of wealth
Poverty in Pakistan has greatly been magnified due to the rising inequalities of wealth, increasing rates of unemployment, economic underdevelopment and poor governance.
Pakistan’s external debt
It amounts to more than 30 billion dollars has been the greatest hindrance to the solution of this problem.
High population growth rate.
It is accompanied by low levels of literacy are a burden on the already meager resources of the country.
feudal landholding system
Pakistan is home to a large feudal landholding system. The landholding families enlist the services of their serfs to perform the labor of the land.51% of poor tenants owe money to the landlords.
Lack of progress in economic development
It is characterized by the lack of planning of industrial growth has stopped the success of any poverty alleviation schemes attempted by the government. Corruption and failure of proper governance has been another reason for the failure of such schemes.
Corruption and political instabilities
such as various separatist movements in Balochistan and Waziristan resulted in reduction of business confidence, deterioration of economic growth, reduced public expenditure, poor delivery of public services, and undermining of the rule of law.
Distance from Religion...