VALUES OF FILIPINOS DURING THE SPANISH COLONIZATION:
Catholism has had a great impact on Filipino customs, behaviors, and traditions. It is common for Filipinos ( specifically those in smaller, provincial towns ) to attend church every morning and to pray the rosary each night. In fact, Filipino homes contain various statues of Jesus Christ, Virgin Mary, and other saints. Finally, Filipino festivals and community events may have a highly catholic meaning, often honoring Jesus, Mary, or other saints.
Filipino indigenous culture is egalitarian, and women are honored and respected as much as men. However, with the arrival of the Spanish values, machismo (male dominant values) emerged. Machismo can be defined as the belief in the superiority of males over females. It means men are expected to be strong, are the providers for the family, uphold rigid gender roles, and are likely to possess sexist attitude towards women.
In contrast to machismo is marianismo (female submissiveness), which is a Spanish term that can be defined as the expectation for women to be religious, pure, morally superior to, and spiritually stronger than men.
2. AMOR PROPIO:
Derives from the Spanish phrase, “self love”. This concept involves a sense of self esteem or self respect that allows one to be self-congratulatory in times of prosperity and prevents a person from swallowing his pride in mentioned Filipino values.
A Spanish word for interpersonal relationship, which is common in latino and other Spanish-influenced country. This value directly correlates with the preexisting Filipino values of kapwa, utang na loob and pakikisama.
4. PALABRA DE HONOR:
The Filipino (inherited from the colonial spain) sense of Old-World Honor rarely seen in younger generations of Filipinos but still applicable to the older generations. A Filipino is obligated by a sense of honor to tell the truth and live up to commitments....