Republic of Tajikistan
Tajikistan lies within Central Asia(west of China, and South of Kyrgyzstan) and is slightly smaller than Wisconsin. Full of Tajik people, its population is 7,768,385 in a recent count in July 2012. As for the religions within Tajikistan; the main and central language spoken in Tajik, and then there is just Russian, because Russian is the most widely known and spoken there. The climate in Tajikistan is midlatitude continetal, with hot summers, and mild winters, which is semiairid to polar in the Pamir Mountains. As for the terrain, the Pamir and Alay Mountains dominate landscape, while the Western Fergana Valley cover the North, as the Kofanihon and Vakhsh Valleys spread over the SouthEast. Only 6.52% of the land is arable (most of that arable land is used for growing cotton), and .89% is for the mermanent crops, while the rest is genreally mountainous plains. Most of the natural resources are hydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, and gold. Tajikistan imports approximately 60% of its food and 90% of that comes by rail lines into Tajikistan in late 2011, hampering the transit of goods. The industry consists only of a large aluminum plant, hydropower facilities, and small obsolete factories, mostly in light industry and food processing. Tajikistan gained it’s independence on September 9th, 1991 from the Soviet Union.
The Tajik people came under Russian rule in the 1860’s and the 1870’s, but the Russians hold on Central Asia weakened, following the revolution of 1917. There was Bolshevik control of the area that was feircly contested and was not fully established until 1925. So, much of the present day Sughid Province was transferred from the Uzbek SSR to the newly formed Tajik SSR in 1929. The ethnic Uzbeks form a substantial minority in Tajikistan. Looking in deeper; Tajikistan became independent in 1991, following the breakup of the...