TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER I SLANG - ITS FUNCTIONING AND USE IN EVERYDAY SPEECH OF MODERN STUDENTS 6
1.1 Definition 6
1.2 The sources of formation of slang and tendencies of its development 8
1.3 Characteristics of slang 9
1.4 Attitudes towards slang 11
CHAPTER II ENGLISH SLANG 12
2.1 Cockney 12
2.2 Campus slang 14
2.3 English Internet slang 18
CHAPTER 3. CHINESE SLANG 27
3.1 Chinese language and slang 27
3.2 Slang and Lĭyǔ (俚语) 29
Slang is a phenomenon that has always existed in the language but it has been ignored by linguists for a very long time. Over the past few years, however, their interest towards this particular layer of vocabulary has risen. Such linguists as V.A. Khomiakov, I. Arnold, G. Antrushina, R. Ginzburg, I. Galperin and many others have studied this phenomenon. In the English-speaking countries slang has been studied mainly by lexicographers, although many linguists such as B.K. Dumas, J. Lighter, C. Eble, E. Mattielo, E. Partridge, P. Kegan and many others have started to study slang.
One important peculiarity of slang is that it is a constantly changing open system. Thus, any attempt to describe slang, especially Internet slang, from the linguistic point of view is going to be current and up-to-date.
The aim of our research is to study slang as a linguistic phenomenon (on the basis of English and Chinese).
The object of the research is slang, understood as a separate layer of the language.
The subject of the research is functioning and the use of slang.
The purpose of research was to investigate the whole layer of the language – slang & the peculiarities of its use in everyday speech of English and Chinese students.
For accomplishing the purpose the following issues were formulated:
1) To define the concept of slang
2) To establish the sources of formation of slang and tendencies of its development