Texas’ Secession from the Union
Leading up to Texas’ secession in 1861, there was lots of fighting over slavery between the north and south. The south was pro-slavery while the north had no tolerance for slavery. Slavery had been around since the south was first settled on and southerners meant to keep it that way. The north had adopted beliefs of equality and believed there should not be slaves in the United States anymore. They wanted political equality for all. Abraham Lincoln, a republican, was elected President of the United States. He was against slavery which further worried the pro-slavery states. In congress the south was largely outvoted; this helped sway Texas citizens towards secession.
On February 1, 1861 Texas formally adopted The Texas Ordinance of Secession which removed itself from the United States and joined the confederacy along with six other southern states. It was adopted at the Texas Secession Convention by a vote of 166 to 8. When Texas seceded, it did so to promote its welfare, insure domestic tranquility and secure more substantially the blessings of peace and liberty to its people. Texans felt it was against their rights for slavery to be banned. The Texas economy relied on slavery heavily because plantation owners used slaves to pick cotton. The ordinance described slavery as a relation that had existed from the first settlement of her wilderness by the white race, and which her people intended should exist in all future time. Southerners devoutly believed that blacks were inferior to whites and refused to adopt beliefs of equality. The strong opinions and differences between the north and south led to hatred and hostility between the two sides.
Although slavery was the main reason for Texas’ secession, the ordinance listed many other reasons as well. Texas claimed that for years the Federal Government had failed to protect the people and property of Texas From savage Indian attacks along the border and also from the murderous...