INTRODUCTION TO CINEMAS
The cinema of India consists of films produced across India, including the cinematic culture of Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Gujarat, Haryana,Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Orissa, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, and West Bengal. Indian films came to be followed throughout South Asia and the Middle East. The cinema as a medium gained popularity in the country as many as 1,000 films in variouslanguages of India were produced annually. Expatriates in countries such as the United Kingdom and the United States continue to give rise to international audiences for Indian films of various languages.
In the 20th century, Indian cinema, along with the American and Chinese film industries, became a global enterprise. At the end of 2010 it was reported that in terms of annual film output, India ranks first, followed by America (Hollywood) and China. Enhanced technology paved the way for upgrading from established cinematic norms of delivering product,altering the manner in which content reached the target audience. Indian cinema found markets in over 90 countries where films from India are screened. The country also participated in international film festivals, especially Satyajit Ray (Bengali), K. Viswanath (Telugu), K.Balachander(Tamil), Mani Ratnam (Tamil), Adoor Gopalakrishnan (Malayalam), Girish Kasaravalli (Kannada). Indian filmmakers such as Shekhar Kapur, Mira Nair, Deepa Mehta, Nagesh Kukunoor etc found success overseas. The Indian government extended film delegations to foreign countries such as the United States of America and Japan while the country's Film Producers Guild sent similar missions through Europe. Sivaji Ganesan, and S.V. Ranga Raowon their respective first international award for Best Actor held at Afro-Asian Film Festival in Cairo & Indonesian Film Festival in Jakarta for the films Veerapandiya Kattabomman & Narthanasala in 1959 & 1963, separately.
India is the...