Introduction - India Gate of Delhi is a 42 meter high gateway with an arch of 138 feet located at Rajpath, New Delhi. India Gate is constructed as a memorial and was built in the memory of 90,000 soldiers who laid down their lives during World War I the Afghan Wars .The India Gate today also houses the Indian Army's Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, the Amar Jawan Jyoti. It is today one of the most famous monuments in Delhi. India Gate is perhaps one of the most impressive structures built in the capital of India, Delhi with lush green lawns in the backdrop. It is made of red stone and has the name "INDIA" written on both sides.Inscribed on top of India Gate in capital letters is the line:
To the dead of the Indian armies who fell honoured in France and Flanders Mesopotamia and Persia East Africa Gallipoli and elsewhere in the near and the far-east and in sacred memory also of those whose names are recorded and who fell in India or the north-west frontier and during the Third Afghan War.
History - Situated on the Rajpath in New Delhi, the India Gate was originally called the All India War Memorial is a monument built by Sir Edwin Lutyens (who also designed the New Delhi city.) to commemorate the Indian soldiers who died in World War I and the Afghan Wars. The foundation stone was laid on 10 February 1921 by the Duke of Connaught. The names of the soldiers who died in these wars are inscribed on the walls. It was completed in 1931.The monument was dedicated to the nation 10 years later by the then Viceroy, Lord Irwin.
Amar Jawan Jyoti - Another memorial, Amar Jawan Jyoti (the flame of the immortal warrior), was added much later after India had said goodbye to its imperial rulers. It is in the form of a flame that is burning day and night in a shrine under the arch since 1971 to remind the nation of soldiers who perished in the Indo-Pakistan War of December 1971. The eternal flame which marks the Unknown Soldier's Tomb reminds the sacrifice of these brave...