An evolutionary psychologist would place emphasis upon the advantage of said behavior: for men, promiscuity increases the likelihood of propogating one's genes (one could even take the gene's perspective here and argue the genes drive the In contrast, women must be solely responsible for nurturing children for at least the first nine months and so have developed to look for a supportive, protective life partner. By this reasoning, men are more likely to be jealous if their mate has sex with someone else because once she is impregnated, the female becomes incapable of carrying on his genes. However, critics point out that children with supportive fathers were more likely to survive and become adults proficient at having children of their own.
Weakness: This theory ignores a host of cultural factors that help explain the observed behavioral trends . . .
Individualist cultures enable an emphasis upon personal achievement and independence; collectivist cultures - by definition - value familial and social harmony. Therefore, parents in collectivist cultures are more likely to play a role in the child's life choices by arranging a marriage or picking a career for their child. Job selection will follow suit; in individualistic cultures, folks seek employment that promises personal reward ($; happiness) while in collectivist cultures, one's goal is toward working toward the collective betterment. Likewise, collectivist cultures tend towards socialist rather than democratic political ideals.
While looking at patterns of behavior,
observe differences in degree of relatedness & shared v. non-shared environments.
In class, we considered:
a. all members of species
b. all members of family
c. degree's of relatedness (e.g. sib v. cousin; identical v. fraternal twins)
-always poking a hole in the assumptions of "identical" or "shared" or "non-shared."
The next strategy: identical twins reared apart - the "gold standard" of studies (but also has problems with the...