sides, and confirmed who was enemies with who. The fact that alliances were formed in the first place means that countries did feel threatened. The forming of alliances increased rivalry between countries. If one country had an ally, then the opposing country felt that they had to have one too. The forming of alliances meant that countries became a lot more aware of where they were situated, they would have to be thinking about being attacked by three countries rather than one.
The alliances also formed a trap, and increased the possibility of more countries being forced to enter the war. For instance, when Austria declared war on Serbia, the Russian army instantly became involved, as did the German army.
-Arms race of number of military personal
- Weakening of old empires- Austria/Hungary and Turkey
- Old grievances- France wanting to gain what they had lost to Germany
- Death of Queen Victoria + weakened dynastic ties
- Serbia wanted independence nationalism
- The Balkans very unstable area with mixed nationalities. Turkey once had control over the area, but were in decline. Both Austria and Russia wanted the region so they could access to the Mediterranean Sea. Austria claimed provinces Bosnia and Herzegovina Russia protested but backed down when Germany made it clear that they supported Austria. This led to further tension between Russia, Serbia, Germany and Austria.
Austria then assumed that they had support of Germany in future disputes, Austria grew too confident and were encouraged to make trouble with Serbia/Russia.
industrial region Alsace Germany took this region in 1870
g. Why was Russia interested in having alliances?
-Worried about power of Germany
- Long history of rivalry with Austria-Hungary
- The Russians could not afford to lose another war loss to Japan in 1905
Who was part of the Triple Alliance
-The Triple Alliance made up of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
Who was part of the Triple Entente (an...