Human trafficking is defined by the UNODC( United Nations Office on Drug and Crime) “as trafficking in Persons as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.” Hence two of the main causes of human trafficking are economic desperation/poverty and demand of sexual exploitation of people which have a ripple effect on everything.
Economic desperation usually takes the form of individuals from poor countries who want to find a better life in a more affluent country. They typically pay people to smuggle them into the wealthier country but some of the smugglers usually would use the people they smuggle as forced labor in the more affluent country. They are often lured by promises of steady employment as merchants, housemaids, seamstress, babysitters or hotel service positions and attendants in major developed countries.
Many of these unfortunate victims of human trafficking may not be aware that they will be forced into commercial sex. If we consider the gender aspects, women and girls have less access to education, jobs, or social service than men. It’s unfortunately a very common method of taking victims from their homeland to a place that they know nothing about, making them now even more isolated and lost. These unfortunate victims have their passports and other documents that would otherwise allow them to travel are taken once they arrive in their destination area so they have no chance of getting on the next plane, boat, or car to get back home.
Economic desperation of human trafficking has its effect by giving “rise to other ills such as terrorism, poverty, poor standard of living, unemployment, expanding...