The History of Zambia
Zambia was populated by migrating tribes of hunter gatherers and gradually settled by various tribes. European explorers first came to the area in the 18th century but David Livingstone, the most important explorer of the region arrived in 1851. He was the first European to see the Victoria falls Shortly after, the British South African Company arrived and through treaties with tribe leaders took control of the natural resouces. Eventually, the government of England gained administration of the region, calling it Northern Rhodesia. The British control of the region’s natural resources lasted until 1964, when Northern Rhodesia won its independence from the British government. It was at this time that Northern Rhodesia was renamed “Zambia” after the Zambezi River, which runs through the country. Zambia then became an independent republic nation and was lead by Kenneth Kaunda for twenty-seven years. After Kaunda died in 1991, Zambia adopted a republic government. The country has had three elections since, the latest resulting in Rupiah Banda as Zambia’s new president.
Zambia is made up of high plateau with a small amount of hills and mountains. The region is mostly made up of grasslands, savannas, and some evergreen forests. It is a landlocked country with no direct access to the sea. Zambia’s main geographical problems include air pollution,chemical run-off and acid rain in the mining and refining regions, soil erosion from farming, the poaching of endangered animals s m cvgftffcfxfyfhg Other diseases include Typhoid, hepatitis, malaria, rabies, and bubonic plague.uch as rhinoceros, elephant and large cats. The area is subject to periods of drought and also flooding from tropical storms. Zambia has a mainly tropical climate. The rainy season typically begins from late October to early November and ends from late March to early April. Storms occurring between these months can cause flooding and spread water borne...