An Approach to Behaviourism

An Approach to Behaviourism

  • Submitted By: c112
  • Date Submitted: 11/29/2009 11:04 AM
  • Category: Psychology
  • Words: 415
  • Page: 2
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Cheryl Dunstan

Compare and contrast two approaches to psychology

Behaviourism and biological

Behaviourism only concerns itself with the behaviour that can be observed. It

assumes that we learn by associating certain events with certain

consequences, and will behave in the way with the most desirable

consequences. It also assumes that when events happen together, they

become associated and either event will have the same response. It does not

note any difference between animal behaviour and human behaviour. A

behavioural therapist will usually treat disorders such as phobias and

obsessions. A client suffering from a phobia, for example, will be taken into a

situation that he or she is afraid of, in gradual steps and eventually the fear is

reduced. More simply put - changing the way they behave in certain situations

in order to change the way they think.

While we do inherit certain things biologically, our behavioristic lifestyle can

dictate to our biology how it is we respond. For example, if a man wanted to

become a woman based on his ideals given to him by his society,

(behaviourism) he can actually do that by taken oestrogen pills. Ultimately, he

can under go an operation – the same thing applies with a woman that wants

to become a man, only she would be receiving testosterone. The biology

dictates the behaviour of that specific thing, but if something happens to that

thing that makes it want to alter its biology, it can, but nature being the

regulator of order; it will restore things back. In addition the biological

approach believes us to be as a consequence of our genetics and physiology.

We become ill, medically and/or psychologically, because of physiological or

genetic damage, disease, or accident. It is the only approach in psychology

that examines thoughts, feelings, and behaviours from a medical/biological,

and thus physical point of view. The nature...

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