NR 505 Research Summary Table

NR 505 Research Summary Table

Research Summary Table: Injuries of Children with Non-Helmet Use
Toni Detwiler
Chamberlain College of Nursing
NR505: Advance Research Methods: Evidence-Based Practice
July 2015

Research Summary Table: Injuries of Children with Non-Helmet Use
Author, Year of Publication


Level of Evidence
Lindsay & Brussoni (2014)
To explore whether non-motorized wheeled activities result in significant injury-related morbidity and mortality in children ages 1-16 years.
27,589 people retrieved from the National Trauma Registry due to injuries from wheeled activities and 22,023 were bicycle accidents; 53% reported wearing helmets.
Epidemiological study of patients involved in non-motorized wheeled activities from 2004-2009. Patients and/or caregivers were asked to voluntarily complete a form about the injury event.
VI: evidence from an epidemiological study.
Findings suggest that helmet use is associated with decreased likelihood of both head injury and admission.
The original numbers represent only admissions to the hospital and fail to account for the injuries treated in the emergency room then sent home; Limited by home the forms were filled out; injuries are dependent on the frequency of use of helmets; Patients seen at other hospitals, clinics of family doctors are not included.
Bergenstal et al. (2012)
To evaluate the injury pattern if children 14 years and younger involved in bicycle accidents.
6128 patients enrolled in the WV trauma registry that are less than 15 years old in which 371 (6.1%) of these were a bicycle crash – 31 (8.4% were wearing helmets and 340 (91.6%) were not.
Retrospective cohort study of all pediatric patients involved in bicycle crashes from 2008-2010.
VI: evidence from a retrospective cohort study.
The findings suggest that wearing bicycle helmets showed to significantly reduce the rates of skull fractures and intracranial hemorrhage.
Data was collected only from...

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