Risk Assessment Malathion

Risk Assessment Malathion

  • Submitted By: Dreamwalker
  • Date Submitted: 02/28/2009 9:32 PM
  • Category: Science
  • Words: 615
  • Page: 3
  • Views: 677

Malathion is an insecticide which is not natural. When the malathion is pure it's a colorless liquid. The technical-grade malathion includes greater ninety percent malathion and impurities in a solvent which is a brownish-yellow liquid. Malathion is used to kill insects found on crops and in gardens. Malathion is used to kill mosquitoes and Mediterranean fruit flies in vast areas of land. It is also used to treat lice on humans and fleas on animals.

Hazard identification is being able to recognize the potential of a substance that may cause harm to human health or the environment. There is not any decisive evidence that malathion can cause cancer within humans. Humans such as farmers and pesticide applicators who are regularly exposed to pesticides have a risk of some cancers. Birth defects have not been found in human exposure to malathion. Although, developmental effects were observed in the offspring of animals that ingested enough malathion while pregnant to cause health effects in the mother. According to a study of animals, it has shared malathion can be transferred from a pregnant mother to the developing fetus. The study also shared that it can be transferred by a nursing mother to the newborns through the mother's milk.

The dose-response is the relationship between the amount of exposure of malathion and how serious it may affect someone's health. Malathion intervenes with the normal function of the brain and nerves. High levels of exposure to malathion for a limited amount of time in the air, water, or food may cause a human to have many difficulties. Some difficulties that may occur for a human are trouble breathing, a taut chest, cramps, vomiting, and diarrhea. Also, more severe difficulties that may occur for a human are sweating, blurred vision, headaches, lightheaded, losing consciousness, and death. There is a chance of not having any deleterious long-term effects as long as the human who has been exposed to high amounts of malathion is...

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