1991 History Hsc Paper

1991 History Hsc Paper

1991: section 1 (core study-world war one)
a) Three ways in which women were involved in the work force using sources A and B include making munitions, helping with food parcels and with the Red Cross.

b) War affected the lives of civilians on the different home fronts by food rationing in Germany and England, in Germany the auxiliary service law subjected all adults to conscription either for the armed forces or vital industry, there was a shortage of labour and fertilizer on the farms and the gradual breakdown of transportation had brought central Europe to the edge of starvation, there were hardly any men left in Germany that weren’t in the army or hadn’t been killed and women were all working for the government, in Australia the economy was low, income tax was to be increased and there was to be less sport because they didn’t have enough people to play them (curtailed).

c) A historian would find source C valuable because it is a secondary source from a historian who doesn’t have a bias view on the war and states the different circumstances each side faced on the home front. Their audience is for the general public and is not there to influence people’s views on the war. This is an objective source which makes it all factual. A historian would find source D valuable because it is a primary source not intended for general public viewing. It is an observation made by a German citizen about life in Germany at the time to her family in Australia. This is a subjective source which is emotional and can make it slightly bias as it is just from the writer’s point of view. Both sources can be reliable for a historian studying the impacts of war on the home fronts.

d) Civilians responded to the increasing role of governments in their lives during the war years by women getting involved in the work force by taking on the men’s roles and also by contributing to the war efforts by making munitions, preparing food parcels to the soldiers, being...

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