Introduction to Financial Statements
ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS
1. The three basic forms of business organizations are (1) sole proprietorship, (2) partnership, and
2. Advantages of a corporation are limited liability (stockholders not being personally liable for corporate debts), easy transferability of ownership, and easier to raise funds. Disadvantages of a corporation are increased taxation and government regulations.
3. Proprietorships and partnerships receive favorable tax treatment compared to corporations and are easier to form than corporations. They are also owner controlled. Disadvantages of proprietorships and partnerships are unlimited liability (proprietors/partners are personally liable for all debts) and difficulty in obtaining financing compared to corporations.
4. Yes. A person cannot earn a living, spend money, buy on credit, make an investment, or pay taxes without receiving, using, or dispensing financial information. Accounting provides financial information to interested users through the preparation and distribution of financial statements.
5. Internal users are managers who plan, organize, and run a business. To assist management,
accounting provides timely internal reports. Examples include financial comparisons of operating
alternatives, projections of income from new sales campaigns, forecasts of cash needs for the next year, and financial statements.
6. External users are those outside the business who have either a present or potential direct
financial interest (investors and creditors) or an indirect financial interest (taxing authorities, regulatory agencies, labor unions, customers, and economic planners).
7. The three types of business activity are financing activities, investing activities, and operating activities. Financing activities include borrowing money and selling shares of stock. Investing activities include the purchase and sale of property, plant,...