THE FAMILY PLANNING METHODS
METHOD | DESCRIPTION/ USES | ADVANTAGES | DISADVANTAGES |
Female Sterilization | Safe & simple surgical procedure which provides permanent contraception for women who do not want more children. Also known as bilateral tubal ligation that involves cutting or blocking the two fallopian tubes | Permanent method, a single procedure leads to lifelong, safe & very effective contraception, No supplies needed & no repeated clinic visits required, does not interfere with sex, no unknown side effects, does no interfere with sex | Uncommon complications of surgery, do not protect against sexually transmitted infections including HIV/AIDS, permanent- reversal surgery is difficult, expensive & not available in most areas. |
Male Sterilization | Also known as Vasectomy. Permanent method wherein the vas deferens (passage of sperm) is tied & cut or blocked through a small opening on the scrotal skin. | Very effective after 3 months. After the procedure, permanent, safe, simple & easy to perform, does not affect male hormonal function, erection & ejaculation, increase couple’s sexual drive and enjoyment, | It may be uncomfortable due to slight pain and swelling 2-3 days after the procedure, reversibility is difficult and expensive, and bleeding may result in hematoma in the scrotum. |
PILL | Contains hormones –estrogen & progesterone taken daily to prevent contraception | Safe as proven through extensive studies, convenient and easy to use, makes menstrual cycle occur regularly & is predictable, procedure gynecologic symptoms, reversible, rapid return to fertility, does not interfere with sexual intercourse | Has side effects such as nausea, dizziness or breast tenderness, may pose health risks for a small # of women, offers no protection against sexually transmitted infections, can suppress lactation, requires regular supply |
Male Condom | Thin sheath of latex rubber made to fit on a man’s erect penis...