Anthropology Terms

Race-each of the major divisions of humankind, having distinct physical characteristics

Natural selection-the process whereby organisms better adapted to their environment tend to survive and produce more

Participant Observation-The process where an anthropologist goes into a culture and learn about them by living with them.

Cultural Relativity-The position that the value and standards of cultures differ and deserve respect. Anthropologist trying to understand there beliefs and motivations

Malinowski-early contributor to the cross cultral study of human phycology

Archeology-the study of human history and prehistory through the excavation of sites and the analysis of artifacts and other physical remains.

Ethnocentric behavior-evaluating other peoples and cultures according to the standards of one's own culture.

Culture shock-the feeling of disorientation experienced by someone who is suddenly subjected to an unfamiliar culture, way of life, or set of attitudes.

Genotype-the genetic constitution of an individual organism

Phenotype-the set of observable characteristics of an individual resulting from the interaction of its genotype with the environment.

Colonialization-the political, social, economi and cultural domination of a territory and its people buy a foreign power for an extended time.

Symbol and sign-Something verbal or non verbal that arbitrarily and by convention stands for something else. an object, quality, or event whose presence or occurrence indicates the probable presence or occurrence of something else

Technology- the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes, esp. in industry.

Reciprocity-the practice of exchanging things with others for mutual benefit, esp. privileges granted by one country or organization to another.

Franz Boas-(1858–1942), US anthropologist; born in Germany. A pioneer of modern anthropology, he developed the linguistic and cultural components of...

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