Basketball was invented December 1891 by Dr. James Naismith. He was a physical education professor and a YMCA instructor. He wanted his kids to be active on rainy days so he put up two peach baskets on each side of the gym then he cut off the bottoms. The peach baskets were not always used until 1906 when they were replaced with metal hoops .Now the ball was not always orange it was brown up until the 1950’s when Tony Hinkle was searching for a ball that would be more visible to players.
Basketball is a team sport with 2 teams of 5 players. The 2 teams score points by throwing or “shooting” the ball in the hoop. The field goal is worth two points and the three pointers are worth 3 points .The hoop is 18 inches long and it is 10 feet high and it is also mounted on a backboard. It is a violation to push another player, carry the ball, and it is a violation stop bouncing the ball and then start bouncing it again. If you make one of those mistakes you must give the ball to the other team. If you make too many of those mistakes known as fouls you cannot play the game anymore.
A Point guard is usually the fastest player on the team, organizes the team's offense by controlling the ball and making sure that it gets to the right player at the right time. A Shooting guard creates a high volume of shots on offense; guards the opponent's best perimeter player on defense. Small forward often primarily responsible for scoring points via cuts to the basket and dribble penetration; on defense seeks rebounds and steals, but sometimes plays more actively a Power forward plays offensively often with their back to the basket; on defense, plays under the basket in a zone defense or against the opposing power forward in man-to-man defense and Center uses height and size to score on offense, to protect the basket closely on defense, or to rebound.
At the professional level, most male players are above 6 feet 3 inches (1.91 m) and most women above 5 feet 7 inches (1.70 m). Guards,...