American Red Cross
The American Red Cross is a non-profit, charitable organization founded by Clara Barton in 1881. An influential symbol during the civil war, Barton received her nickname as the “Angel of the Battlefield” for her courageous efforts as a nurse who came to the aid of wounded soldiers by gathering and delivering supplies among the hostilities of war. Barton became an advocate for the human rights of injured soldiers. Following the civil war, Barton succeeded with the birth of the American Red Cross and the ratification of the Geneva Convention. Barton became a key instrument in the progression of the American Red Cross by becoming the organizations first president over the next 23 years.
Since its inception, the American Red Cross has been loyal to their mission in becoming a humanitarian organization working together with volunteers committed to “helping people prevent, prepare for and respond to emergencies” (American Red Cross, n.d.). The American Red Cross includes over 700 local chapters situated throughout the United States, its regions and “U.S. military installations throughout the world” (American Red Cross, n.d.). The organizations main purpose is to promote disaster awareness, relief assistance, health education and other services focused towards helping the armed forces and their families. In addition, the American Red Cross is also aid to victims of floods, fires and hurricanes. The organization has also taken on additional responsibility by building temporary shelters for people dislocated by tragedy in addition to feeding individuals affected by disaster. The American Red Cross is also involved in several chapters involving the collection and distribution of blood.
Amnesty International is a non-governmental worldwide organization creating an international movement for the protection of human rights, while campaigning to prevent the abuse of human rights through global solidarity. Established in Britain...