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P3. Early Years and The Invasion
P4. The Battle of Culloden
P5. Flora Mac Donald
P6. Flora Mac Donald and Charlie’s Death
Bonnie Prince Charlie (Charles Edward Stuart) is one of the best known Scotish heros of all time. He was not Scottish. He was born in Rome, Italy on the 31st of December 1720. Charlie led the Jacobite rebellion known as the “45”. Although he only stayed in Scotland for a very short period of time, a lot happened. He was 68 years old when he died in Rome in January 1788 ending the claim of Stuarts to the throne.
Bonnie Prince Charlie was a grandson of King James VII who was driven out of Britain in 1688 because of his support of the Catholic faith. Parliament had originally wanted James' daughter Mary and her husband, William of Orange from the Netherlands, to act as regents until James' newly born son, James Francis Stuart (Charles' father), reached his majority (and had been raised in the Protestant faith). But William was unhappy with this arrangement and insisted on having the crown along with his wife. Parliament agreed, thus sowing the seeds of the subsequent Jacobite Uprisings. Of course, King James VII tried to regain his throne. But on July 12, 1690, William defeated James in the Battle of the Boyne, Ireland. King James VII died in exile in 1701. There were further Jacobite insurrections in Scotland, particularly in 1715 when James Francis Stuart (nicknamed "The Old Pretender") landed in Scotland, some months after the Earl of Mar had conducted an ineffectual campaign. James had dithered in France about when to leave for Scotland and it was mid-winter by the time he arrived at Aberdeen on 22 December. And he did not bring the expected French military forces or any money. After two months he was advised to withdraw and left once more for France, never to return.
William and Mary died...