CANADIAN EXPERIENCE OF ESTABLISHING THE MASTER DEGREE DEPARTMENT IN NURSING
Chair of Nursing
Supervisor: Candidate of Biology S.V. Gordiychuk
Zhytomyr Nursing Institute
On the way of development nursing in Canada passed many stages. Process of its becoming and separation as a profession and also as a discipline began as early as XVII century and lasts until now.
The aim of the research is to analyze the establishing process of the professional training of Masters of Nursing in Canada.
The first mention of nurses in Canada has its origins in 1617 in Quebec. But the nurses were little similar to nurses, we see them now. Steps towards modern nursing has been made in 1919 and marked the establishment of the University of British Columbia's first-ever training program for nurses. Four decades later, in 1959, were initiated first university courses to prepare the Masters of Nursing. At the time there was relatively little research activity in nursing in the universities so research development became an important factor in nursing faculties. The central focus of these first programs was on functional areas of the discipline. There were clearly defined entry requirements: it must be a registered nurse with a bachelor’s degree, preferably in Nursing, a minimum of 2-years experience in clinical practice, a high score(B+) and letters of recommendation. As a result, by 1991 year 293 nurses received a diploma of Master.
The main goal is to prepared nurses to promote and advance evidence-informed nursing practice in diverse health care settings, contribute to the resolution of national and local health problems with a particular focus on nursing practice, actively contribute to the advancement of the nursing profession, demonstrate advanced knowledge and expertise in a specialized area of nursing, work to resolve complex health issues in a dynamic health care environment.
Conclusions: With almost one hundred years of experience in the training of...