At the end of my speech, the audience will understand the different types of cardiovascular disease, the causes, and the prevention.
Cardiovascular Disease is a term that refers to conditions involving narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to heart attack, chest pain, or a stroke. According to the American Heart Association, in 2005, 80,700,000 people in the U.S. had one or more forms of cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular disease claimed 869,724 lives, which is 36.3 percent of all deaths or 1 of every 2.8 deaths.
In most cases, the number one cause of death in the United States, Cardiovascular disease, can be prevented.
First we will learn the causes and risk factors of CVD, secondly we will learn about symptoms and testing for CVD, and last we will learn about the treatment and prevention.
• Causes and Risk Factors
o CVD is caused by damage done to your arteries by fatty plaques building up in arteries, the blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrients from your heart to the rest of your body, this is called atherosclerosis. Healthy arteries are strong and flexible, but with atherosclerosis they become thick and stiff-restricting blood flow to your tissue and organs. Causes of atherosclerosis can be smoking, unhealthy eating, lack of exercise, and being overweight.
o Risk Factors
Age-getting old increases the risk of damaged and narrowed arteries and a weakened or thickened heart muscle
Sex-men generally have a greater risk of developing CVD; women’s risk increases after menopause
Smoking-nicotine constricts blood vessels and carbon monoxide can damage their lining. Heart attacks are more common in smokers than non-smokers
Poor Diet-diets high in fat, salt, and cholesterol contribute to the development of heart disease
High Blood Pressure-can result in hardening or thickening of arteries, narrowing the vessels in which blood can...