REBT – Cognitive Approach
The REBT approach is a short to medium- term treatment, and focuses on achievement for specific goals that are defined and agreed between the therapist and the client. This treatment can focus on certain changes to beliefs and behaviour. This approach only works for depression but is less effective for schizophrenia, and requires an action plan for it to work.
Albert Ellis (1957) suggests that each individual has to hold unique set of assumptions about ourselves and the world that helps us to lead us through life and determine their reactions, to the different situations we come across. However some people expectations are hugely irrational, leading them to act and react in inappropriate ways.
Some individuals will irrationally think that they’re failures just because everyone they know doesn’t love them, and will constantly look for approval and will always feel rejected and this will leave them dissatisfied because they don’t always get enough compliments.
REBT tries to modify rational thoughts to irrational thoughts but REBT is thought to be rational because it oversees emotions and will only treat the symptoms but not the cause of the problem. REBT isn’t able to work with someone who has a personality disorder.
The advantages for the REBT approach are:
• It’s proven to work in schools and other environment with different types of people.
• Can be used for individual or group counselling
• Works with all types of people with different psychological disorders.
• Uses the ABC model and makes it easy for the therapist and client to learn and understand.
• Fastest therapy, so if time is a big factor then REBT is the solution.
Disadvantages for the REBT approach are:
• REBT can draw criticism from counsellors being harsh
• When using REBT in schools it can be hard because students usually lack emotional or cognitive amounts needed to be successful.
• Some emotional methods can be forceful or degrading.
• People who...