Modern researchers would argue that no one is born a criminal, but that various biological factors can contribute to criminality. There are several theories regarding the biological nature of criminality; these include genetics, brain abnormalities, and neurochemical imbalances. Genetics is the argument that criminality runs in the family does not mean that it is biological. Brain research has looked primarily at the interrelationship between emotions and decision making. Other biological research has focused on the role of neurotransmitters and hormones on criminal behavior. The cognitive level of analysis looks at how criminal minds think, and that criminal behavior is a result of cognitive distortions. The sociocultural level of analysis takes in consideration that the society and the culture we belong to affects our behavior. Criminal behavior analysis identifies multiple factors that are in correlation with crime. In this paper the origins of crime rooted in all three levels of psychological analysis are going to be introduced.
Keywords: Biological, Sociocultural, and Cognitive
Which Factors Contribute Most to Criminal Behavior Biological, Sociocultural, or Cognitive?
Psychologists distinguish that the origins of criminal behavior are compound, resulting from a combination of risk factors- among them both biological and environmental factors- which interact and aggravate one another. If a person portrays these risk factors they are more than likely to engage in criminal behavior. Every criminal-influencing factor can take part in predisposing an individual to criminal behavior, but there are specific factors seen as providing gateways into being susceptible to other factors, and the main cause of crime. These specific factors that are obvious are; family, education, disorders, inheritable gene traits, and substance abuse. The factors which contributes the most to criminal behavior will be outlined and...