Chapter One /Module 1
1. The criminal justice system is based on policing, justice, and corrections. The consensus
model known as the system perspective, states that the organizations of a criminal justice
system should work harmoniously with one another to achieve justice. The conflict model,
known as the non-system perspective assumes that the organizations of a criminal justice
system should be competitive. So instead of working together, the conflict models system serve
their own interest. I view this model as being more of reality. Consensus and conflict are both
served as an equilibrium in society and they are both social theories.
2. The due process model believes that people are innocent until proven guilty in the court of
law. The due process is more of a liberal approach to criminal justice and favors criminal rights.
The crime control model states that people who are arrested are automatically guilty and need to
be punished by the government. The crime control is more of an conservative outlook on crime
and focuses on protecting. This model believes in moving cases through the criminal system as
quickly as possible. The due process model believes in the rights of the defendants and proving
their guilt is vital to keep the government in control. The crime control model believes that the
rights of the defendant is too expensive and the criminal justice system should be spending more
money on recruiting police officers and building prisons. The due process model is the principle
that an individual cannot be deprived of life, liberty, or property without appropriate legal
procedures and safeguards. Any person that is charged with a crime is required to have their
rights protected by the criminal justice system under the due process model. Although, both
models have many differences, both models embrace constitutional values and work.
I believe the reason for change over the past decade...