Critically assess the problems for believers who say that God is omniscient
Omniscience refers to God’s unlimited knowledge, including all history, past, present and future. According to this view, God is outside of time and has knowledge of the whole of time from beginning to end. This view fits in with belief that God is eternal.
Philosophers and theologians in the Christian tradition as as well as those in other traditions have wrestled with the problem of omniscience and free will for as long as people have believed that their scriptures teach both that God knows everything in the past, present and future and that human beings are free moral agents with the ability to make libertarian choices. Such belief, however, poses a well-known problem. If God has perfect knowledge of future events including human actions, events can only happen in the way God sees, and by no other way.
Christians have tried to resolve the conflict in many ways. Some have tried to resolve the supposed conflict by denying that God knows the future, although they believe the he is nevertheless omniscient. What they mean by this is that God knows everything that can be known, but since the future is not actual it does not count against his omniscience. As Richard Swinburne says, omniscience is “knowledge of everything true which is logically possible to know”. And since according to this view it is logically impossible for God to know the future, his not knowing it cannot count against his omniscience.
Swinburne affirms the doctrine of the Trinity, the claim that God is three persons; the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Swinburne believes that God is omnipotent in that He succeeds in whatever he chooses to do. God cannot do what is logically impossible. Swinburne places limits on divine omniscience. God knows everything that happened in the past and knows everything that is happening at any given moment in time. God does not possess foreknowledge otherwise He would have no...