This essay will attempt to give an overview of the different approaches to parenting, focusing predominantly on parenting styles, exploring how the development of the child is effected, using reference and argument to help identify which factors if any, influence how a child will respond to formal education.
Berk (1989) refers to research carried out by Diane Baumrind who identified four different parenting styles.
The Uninvolved parent places few demands on the child; parents may be busy, stressed or depressed little time may be spent establishing routines or enforcing rules. Children of uninvolved parents tend to be impulsive, insecure, find it difficult to form relationships and struggle when they enter formal education; they are not achievement orientated, as they have not been given any focus or support. Berk (1989)
These children according to Bee (2000) have not made a secure bond with their mother and they ‘consistently produce negative outcomes’ the absence of parental monitoring appears to have a large impact on these children.
The Permissive parent allows the child a great deal of freedom, little emphasis is placed on teaching good manners or responsibility, there are very few restrictions placed on the child. They are often left to make decisions, that are beyond their capabilities, expression and autonomy are valued. Parents rely on reasoning and explanations. Sometimes they have to resort to manipulation and justification. Children of permissive parents are generally cheerful; they display low levels of self-reliance and self-control. Bee (2000)
Woods and Taylor (1998) believe that permissive parents do not feel they should restrict their child’s independence, they except lower levels of performance both cognitively and behaviourally. Children of permissive parents often have aggressive relationships with parents, adults and peers; they may struggle with their emotions finding it difficult to express themselves.
When introduced to...