Egypt’s diplomatic relations with its neighbours during the 19th dynasty had become the intercession of professional diplomats with regard to issues of peace-making, trade, war, economics, culture, environment and human rights. This was achieved through “the Hittite peace treaty”, “Diplomatic marriage” and “Military campaigns” which were all Foreign policy that were created for the purpose of uniting ties and influencing the nature of Egypt’s relationship with differing states.
The 19th dynasty was founded by Ramesses I and continued by Set I, son of Ramesses I and Sitre. During Ramesses reign from 1293-1291 BC he maintained strong armies, stronger border defenses , successfully repelled raiders and put down rebellions in territories controlled by Egypt. In contrary to the claims made in his propaganda, Ramesses II was not a great military strategist.
The military campaigns in both Nubia and Northern campaigns had been relatively calm through the control of the Viceroy of Kush and the presence of military garrisons. Many of the inscriptions and reliefs which show ramesses II smiting Nubians and offering Nubian captives to various duties are part of the warrior pharaoh image he wished to project rather than actual campaigns.
Another diplomatic relation of Egypt included the Hittite peace treaty which was created between the Hittites and Egyptians in year 21. The treaty established Hittite and Egyptian territory in Syria-Palestine. In the treaty both powers agreed not to invade each other’s territory and to come to each other’s aid in the event of a threat from another power. The peace treaty was recorded in cuneiform and in hieroglyphics with both surviving. The success of this treaty is evident in the letter where Nefertiti wrote to Hittite Queen Pudukhepa about the treaty, referring to the kings as ‘brothers’.
The Diplomatic marriage was also created to unit ties between regions of Syria. In year 34 the Hittite king sne his daughter to marry Ramesses...