The Cuban Revolution DBQ
Global History and Geography II Name: ________________________
Mr. Waller Date: __________ Period: _______
Excerpt adapted from bbc.co.uk
“Fidel Castro was born on 13 August 1926 in…Cuba. He was the son of a successful sugar planter. Castro studied law at the University of Havana. He intended to run in elections scheduled for 1952, but the government was overthrown by General Fulgencio Batista and the elections cancelled…In 1953, Castro and his brother Raúl led an unsuccessful rising against Batista and Castro was sentenced to 15 years in prison. He was released under an amnesty and fled to Mexico, where he was joined by an Argentinean Marxist Ernesto 'Che' Guevara…
In 1956, Castro and Guevara landed in Cuba with a small band of insurgents, known as the '26th of July Movement', and began a guerrilla war against the government. In December 1958, Castro launched a full-scale attack and Batista was forced to flee. (By)…February 1959, Castro was sworn in as prime minister of Cuba and announced the introduction of a Marxist-Leninist program adapted to local requirements. Thousands of Cubans went into exile, mostly to the United States.
Antagonism grew with the US and the Americans imposed economic sanctions on Cuba in 1960. Relations reached crisis point with the CIA-sponsored Bay of Pigs invasion by Cuban exiles in April 1961, which failed.
Castro then secretly allowed the Soviets to build sites for nuclear missiles in Cuba, leading to the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962, when the US and the Soviet Union came very close to war.
1: Who was Fidel Castro? He was a sugar planter
2: What action taken by Fulgencio Batista indicates that he ruled as a dictator?
He overthrown the government.
3. What happened in February 1959? He was sworn in to become cuba prime minister
4: Why would American officials in the midst of the Cold War want to destabilize or even end...