HEALTH EXAM REVISION
“a state of complete physical, social and mental wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” (WHO 1946)
LIMITATIONS OF WHO DEFINITION-
Difficult to achieve a complete state of wellbeing
Limits individuals who have a disability as they are perceived to never achieve a complete state of health.
PHYSICAL HEALTH- Relates to the efficient functioning of the body and its systems, and includes the physical capacity to perform tasks and physical fitness.
Eg- body weight, levels of illness, energy levels.
SOCIAL HEALTH- Being able to interact with others and participate in the community in both an independent and cooperative way
Eg- Social needs met, friendship networks.
MENTAL HEALTH- State of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully and is able to make a contribution to his or her community’ (WHO, 2009)
Eg- thought patterns, self esteem, levels of stress.
The series of orderly, predictable changes that occur from conception until death. Development can be physical, social, emotional or intellectual.
INCIDENCE AND PREVALANCE-
INCIDENCE- The number of new cases of a particular condition during a specific time (usually 12 months)
PREVALANCE- The total number of people experiencing a particular condition at a specific time
MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY-
MORBIDITY- Refers to ill health in an individual and the levels of ill health in a population or group’ (AIHW, 2008)
MORTALITY- The number of deaths caused by a particular disease, illness or other environmental factor
BURDEN OF DISEASE- A measure of the impact of diseases and injuries; specifically, it measures the gap between current health status and an ideal situation where everyone lives to an old age free of disease and disability.
Years of life lost – a...