Airports around the world have a unique position of power as they have the ability to impact the environment, economy and society around in which they operate. These impacts can be both direct, i.e. immediate consequences as a result of the airport. As well as indirect or induced i.e. consequences resulting from the direct consequences.
The extent to which the natures of these consequences, both direct and indirect are able to influence its surrounding area depends on a number of important factors, most of which will be linked in some form or another. For example, one of the most influential factors will be the location of the airport. If the airport lies on a remote island, its importance will be ever greater as it provides the link to the community and tourists. The area’s tourist sector will then go on to help develop the area’s economy as a whole.
These impacts can then also lead to catalyst effects which can be both negative and positive depending on what point of view one takes. More often than not there are a set of stakeholders that stand to suffer as another set benefits. eg. The area’s tourism sector will undoubtedly have a positive effect on the area’s economy, with hotels and museums in particular prospering, while the increased emissions and noise will frustrate nearby residents.
Knowing this, airports around the world are increasingly trying to carefully balance their responsibilities to their communities and cooperate with government proposals, as well as improve their services and routes and the overall airport experience for their customers. These are difficult things to manage but evidence shows that it can be achieved with careful planning and acceptance of higher priorities. Perhaps results may not be quite to the satisfaction of everyone, but achieving positive strides for all stakeholders should be seen as an achievement for the airport management.
This report will focus on the aforementioned impacts as well as others,...