Did Alcohol have a Lasting Effect on Native American Culture?
History of the American Indian
Professor Roger Carpenter
December 14, 2009
Northern Native Americans were faced with many great hardships with the arrival of the
Europeans, Spanish and the French. American Indians had thrived on American soil for thousands of
years with great prosperity. Living among each other in a local economy and communities The Native
Americans created a civilization that was harmonious with the land and spiritual world that surrounded
them. They were able to sustain their survival from the living plants and animals that lived among
them in this over abundant country and all of it's rich resources. Many different tribes thrived on this
land by adapting well with the elements around them. They were able to use the one living animal that
co-existed with their people and made sure that a good kill was worth the effort and danger that
encountered it. The Native Americans were able to use every part of the animal killed from the hide to
the hoofs in an effort of survival and to counter balance the spiritual world that engulfed their heritage.
The natives would give back to the world that gave unto them. With an unfortelling future the Native
Americans were not prepared for what storm was about to come ashore .Europeans would soon arrive
and bring the Natives demise in more ways then one.
In 1492 Christopher Columbus was said to be the first arrival on American soil from the East.
Columbus would bring many new and different commodities unseen by the Natives of this world.
Europeans and the Spanish brought many commodities for their own survival in this new
territory, such as plants and even animals. According to Calloway some of the food items brought from
England and Spain were rice, wheat, barley, and oats. Some plants such as grasses and even oranges
and peaches were knew to the Americas. Horses, cows,...