HYPOTHESIS IDENTIFICATION ARTICLE ANALYSIS
Hypothesis Identification Article Analysis
University of Phoenix
February 26, 2010
With identifying a hypothesis (null hypothesis) in an article sometimes it is clearly stated and sometimes it has to be interrupted. With identifying the hypothesis within “Studies from Medical Research Council have provided new data on women’s health,” the hypothesis was clearly stated, “risk of alcohol-exposed pregnancies among women in an urban and a rural area, this is the null hypothesis because it is the reason of our research. Women were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. It was a cross-sectional household survey of 1018 women aged 18-44 years in one urban (n=606) and one rural (n=412).
The dependent variables was, being risk of having an AEP, not being pregnant, current alcohol use, no effective use of contraceptives and being fertile. The independent variables included substance use, demographic, psycho-social, partner characteristics and health perceptions. The rural women (21.84%) were more likely than their urban counterparts (11.22%) to be risk of an AEP. Significant predictors of being in the ‘at risk’ group for the urban women were (a) smoking and (b) being ‘white’ as opposed to ‘black/African’. For rural women, significant risk factors were (a) early onset of alcohol use and (b) smoking. The significant protective factors were (a) knowledge about Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, (b) parity and (c) education. The strategy used to conduct research in regards to this hypothesis was a good method.
When it comes to stricter alcohol use criteria (i.e., three or more drinks and five or more drinks per sitting), when it comes to the AEP risk definition predictors defined slightly different patterns. The results revealed high levels of risk of an alcohol-exposed pregnancy, especially amongst the rural women and a need for location-specified prevention program is needed. The proper...