Information Systems and Organizational Departments
Research software applications and information systems are vital to any organization and its many departments. This essay will discuss three of those organizational departments. These three departments include: accounting; marketing; and production or operations management. “It has been said that the purpose of information systems is to get the right information to the right people at the right time in the right amount and in the right format” (Rainer & Turban, 2009, p 6). The main purpose of information systems is to provide a department with information that is useful to them (Rainer & Turban, 2009).
Research software applications and information systems is important to the accounting department. The accounting department performs many different business transactions that require the use of applications. Some of these business transactions include: employees hired, paychecks written, and the sale of products or services. There are also many different ways that the accounting department might use information systems. Some of these include: forecasting revenues or other activity, to ensure that their documents are correct and up to date, and to make decisions about what would be cost effective (Rainer & Turban, 2009). The accounting information system or AIS can also be looked at as all of the documents and records that are kept in order to keep the accounting department running. Many organizations use software (like Quick Books) to organize their data.
The marketing department would use information systems to perform the following analyses: product, price, site, and promotion. Information technology is also used by marketers in order to maintain their relationships with their consumers, customers, and potential customers. There are many different types of software that a marketing department might need. Some of these include: databases for customers, decision support systems, sales automation, data...